Male Factor Infertility

Male Factor Infertility

Illustration of  the anatomy of the male reproductive tract
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What is infertility?

Infertility is defined by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) as a disease of the reproductive system that impairs the body's ability to perform the basic function of reproduction. Although conceiving a child may seem to be simple and natural, the physiological process is quite complicated and depends on the proper function of many factors, including the following, as listed by the ASRM:

Who is affected by infertility?

The average chance to conceive for a normally fertile, healthy, young couple having regular, unprotected intercourse is approximately 20 percent during each menstrual cycle. In most couples, conception occurs within about 12 months. However, infertility affects about 10 percent of couples of childbearing age. Infertility is not just a woman's concern. According to the American Society of Reproductive Medicine, about one-third of infertility can be attributed to male alone factors and about one-third to female alone factors. About one-third of infertile couples have more than one cause or factor related to their inability to conceive. About 20 percent have no identifiable cause for their infertility after medical investigation.

What are the risk factors for men regarding infertility?

The following is a list of risk factors related to male infertility (also called male factor infertility):

What causes male factor infertility?

The main causes of male infertility can be divided into the following categories:

How is male factor infertility diagnosed?

In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic testing for male factor infertility may include the following:

What is the treatment for male factor infertility?

Specific treatment for male factor infertility will be determined by your physician based on:

There is a range of treatment options currently available for male factor infertility. Treatment may include:

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