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Urology

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Vasectomy
Vasectomy What is a vasectomy? Vasectomy is surgery a man may choose if he does not want to father any more children. It's permanent male birth control. During the surgery, two tubes called the vas deferens are cut and sealed. The vas deferens carry sperm from testicles to the urethra (the tube inside the penis). Once they are cut, sperm can't get into the semen or out of the body. The testes still make sperm, but the sperm die and are absorbed by the body. A man who's had a vasectomy still makes semen ...
Robotic Prostatectomy
Robotic Prostatectomy What is a robotic prostatectomy? The prostate gland is found only in males. It sits below the bladder and wraps around the urethra. The prostate helps make semen. Prostatectomy is surgery to remove the prostate gland. During the procedure, the seminal vesicles, nearby tissues, and sometimes pelvic lymph nodes are also removed. When prostate cancer spreads, the pelvic lymph nodes are often one of the first places it goes. The prostate can be removed several ways. One way is for a su...
Retrograde Cystography
Retrograde Cystography What is retrograde cystography? Retrograde cystography is an imaging test that uses X-rays to see the bladder. X-rays are made of the bladder after it has been filled with a contrast dye. The dye lets the radiologist see your bladder and nearby tissues more clearly. Retrograde cystography can also be performed using computerized tomography (CT), another type of imaging. During retrograde cystography, dye is injected into the bladder. X-rays are taken of the bladder while it's fill...
Retrograde Pyelogram
Retrograde Pyelogram What is a retrograde pyelogram? A retrograde pyelogram is an imaging test that uses X-rays to look at your bladder, ureters, and kidneys. The ureters are the long tubes that connect your kidneys to your bladder. This test is usually done during a test called cystoscopy. It uses an endoscope, which is a long, flexible, lighted tube. During a cystoscopy, the healthcare provider can inject contrast dye directly into the ureters. The contrast helps parts of the body show up more clearly...
Renal Venogram
Renal Venogram What is a renal venogram? A renal venogram is an imaging test to look at the veins in and around your kidneys. Your healthcare provider may also use the test to find out what is causing your high blood pressure (hypertension). This test is done by a radiologist who is a doctor that specializes in radiology. For the test, the radiologist injects a contrast dye into the kidney. He or she uses X-ray images to watch the dye as it flows through the blood vessels in the kidneys. X-rays use a sm...
Kidney Ultrasound
Kidney Ultrasound What is a kidney ultrasound? A kidney ultrasound is an imaging test that uses sound waves to look at your kidneys. It can check the size, shape, and location of your kidneys. It also lets your healthcare provider see how well blood is flowing in your kidneys. The healthcare provider uses a device called a transducer to make the images of your kidneys. The transducer sends out sound waves that bounce off your kidneys. The sound waves are too high-pitched for you to hear. The transducer ...
Kidney Scan
Kidney Scan What is a kidney scan? A kidney scan is an imaging test that looks at your kidneys. Your healthcare provider can also see how well blood is flowing in your kidneys. A kidney scan is a type of nuclear imaging test. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive matter is used during the scan. The radioactive matter (radioactive tracer) is absorbed by normal kidney tissue. The radioactive tracer sends out gamma rays. These are picked up by the scanner to make a picture of your kidneys. The are...
Circumcision
Circumcision (Penis Foreskin Removal) Procedure overview Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin that covers the tip of the penis. It is usually done on the first or second day after the baby’s birth. Circumcision can be done on older children and adults, but this can be more complicated because it requires general anesthesia. Circumcision is a relatively simple procedure that is done in the hospital and has few complications. But there has been some debate in recent years over whether a ci...