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Gynecology

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Colposcopy
Colposcopy What is colposcopy? Your healthcare provider uses colposcopy to view the opening to the uterus, called the cervix, and the vagina. It uses an instrument with a magnifying lens and a light, called a colposcope. It magnifies the image many times. The healthcare provider sees the tissues on the cervix and vaginal walls more clearly. In some cases, your provider will take a small sample of tissue for exam in the lab. This is called a cervical biopsy. Cervix. The lower, narrow part of the uterus l...
Tubal Ligation
Tubal Ligation What is tubal ligation? Tubal ligation is surgical procedure to prevent pregnancy. It has commonly been called "getting your tubes tied." It is also called a female sterilization. Tubal refers to the fallopian tubes. Each month, an egg is released from an ovary and travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus. Ligation means to tie off. This prevents the egg and male sperm from connecting to prevent pregnancy. During this surgery, both fallopian tubes are blocked or cut. It is usually...
Uterine Artery Embolization
Uterine Artery Embolization What is uterine artery embolization? Uterine fibroid embolization is a procedure to shrink noncancerous tumors in the uterus called uterine fibroids. It does not use major surgery, so you may recover faster. You also may not need to stay in the hospital. Uterine fibroid embolization shrinks fibroids by blocking off their blood supply. The doctor injects very small particles like sand into the arteries that supply the fibroids. The particles stick to the vessel wall. This caus...
Robotic Hysterectomy
Robotic Hysterectomy What is a robotic hysterectomy? Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of a woman's uterus. This surgery can be done through small incisions using a thin, lighted scope with a camera on the end (a laparoscope). This is called a laparoscopic hysterectomy. In robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy, the surgeon uses a computer to control the surgical instruments. The computer station is in the operating room. The surgeon is able to control the robot's movements steadily and precisely...
Fetal Ultrasound
Fetal Ultrasound What is fetal ultrasound? Fetal ultrasound is a test used during pregnancy. It creates an image of the baby in the mother's womb (uterus). It’s a safe way to check the health of an unborn baby. During a fetal ultrasound, the baby’s heart, head, and spine are evaluated, along with other parts of the baby. The test may be done either on the mother’s abdomen (transabdominal) or in the vagina (transvaginal). There are several types of fetal ultrasound: Standard ultrasound. The test uses sou...
Breast Scan
Breast Scan What is a breast scan? A breast scan is an imaging test to look at your breasts. It is used when a mammogram has not given your healthcare provider enough information. A breast scan is a type of nuclear imaging test. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive matter is used during the scan. The radioactive matter called tracer sends out gamma rays. These are picked up by the scanner to make a picture of your breasts. The areas of the breast where the radioactive tracer collects in greate...
Breast MRI
Breast MRI What is breast MRI? MRI is a test that creates detailed images of organs, bones, and other structures inside your body. An MRI uses large magnets and a computer to make the images. It does not use radiation. An MRI scanner is a large machine with a tunnel. You lie on a table that slides in and out of the tunnel. For a breast MRI, a woman lies face down with her breasts positioned through holes in a table. A breast MRI is often done with contrast dye. The dye is injected into a vein in the arm...
Breast Biopsy
Breast Biopsy What is a breast biopsy? A biopsy is a small piece of tissue that is removed and checked in a lab. For a breast biopsy, breast tissue may be removed with a special biopsy needle. Or it may be removed during surgery. It is checked to see if cancer or other abnormal cells are present. Why might I need a breast biopsy? Click Image to Enlarge Breast biopsies may be done: To check a lump or mass that can be felt (is palpable) in the breast To check a problem seen on a mammogram, such as small c...