RWJ Health Connect | Patient PortalGo
  • 1-888-MD-RWJUH
  • YouTube

Tests and Procedures

Gastroenterology

  • Search by Keywords

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Enter a search phrase:
Cecostomy
Cecostomy Procedure overview Cecostomy is a surgery to clear the bowels of feces. It is used for children with fecal incontinence due to severe health problems. Fecal incontinence is being unable to control your bowels. This can involve symptoms ranging from severe constipation to having a bowel movement at an unexpected or embarrassing time. Children with this problem often have severe constipation. In some cases, liquid feces passes around the solid feces. It can leak out which can be embarrassing and...
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Weight-Loss Surgery
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Weight-Loss Surgery What is Roux-en-Y gastric bypass weight-loss surgery? Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a type of weight-loss surgery that reduces the size of your stomach to a small pouch – about the size of an egg. It does this by stapling off a section of it. This reduces the amount of food you can take in at meals. The surgeon then attaches this pouch directly to the small intestine, bypassing most of the rest of the stomach and the upper part of the small intestine. Th...
MR Enterography
MR Enterography What is magnetic resonance (MR) enterography? Magnetic resonance enterography is an imaging test that lets your doctor see detailed pictures of your small intestine. It can pinpoint inflammation, bleeding, and other problems. It is also called MR enterography. The test uses a magnetic field to create detailed images of your organs. A computer analyzes the images. Before the test, you will take an oral contrast dye to highlight the small intestine. This is not an X-ray. It does not involv...
Liver Transplant
Liver Transplant What is a liver transplant? A liver transplant is surgery to replace a diseased liver with a healthy liver from another person. A whole liver may be transplanted, or just part of one. In most cases the healthy liver will come from an organ donor who has just died. Sometimes a healthy living person will donate part of their liver. A living donor may be a family member. Or it may be someone who is not related to you but whose blood type is a good match. People who donate part of their liv...
Liver Biopsy
Liver Biopsy What is a liver biopsy? A liver biopsy is a test used to diagnose liver conditions. Tissue samples are removed from your liver and checked under a microscope for signs of damage or disease. A liver biopsy can tell if there are cancer cells or other abnormal cells in your liver. It can also tell how well your liver is working. There are 3 types of liver biopsies: Percutaneous liver biopsy . The most common method. You are given a local anesthetic. A small needle is put into your liver to tak...
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding What is laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding? Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the least invasive operations available for obesity. It’s done with a few tiny abdominal cuts, instead of with one large cut. The surgeon puts instruments through the cuts. One of those instruments is a laparoscope, a tool with a tiny camera. The surgeon uses these tools to place a band around the top portion of the stomach, leaving a very small pouch availabl...
Gastric Bypass (Malabsorptive) Surgery Procedure
Gastric Bypass (Malabsorptive) Surgery Procedure What is gastric bypass surgery? Gastric bypass surgery, a type of bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery), is a procedure that alters the process of digestion. Bariatric surgery is the only option today that effectively treats morbid obesity in people for whom more conservative measures such as diet, exercise, and medication have not been effective. Bariatric surgery works in one of three ways: Restriction, or limiting the amount of food intake by reducin...
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) What is ERCP? Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, or ERCP, is a procedure to diagnose and treat problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas. It combines X-ray and the use of an endoscope—a long, flexible, lighted tube. Your healthcare provider guides the scope through your mouth and throat, then down the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of the small intestine (duodenum). Your healthcare provider can view the inside ...
CT Enterography
CT Enterography What is computed tomography (CT) enterography? CT enterography is an imaging test that uses CT imagery and a contrast material to view the small intestine. The procedure allows your healthcare provider to determine what is causing your condition. He or she can also tell how well you're responding to treatment for a health issue, such as Crohn's disease. A computerized tomography scan, or CT scan, is a type of X-ray that uses a computer to make cross-sectional images of your body. CT ente...
Cholecystectomy
Cholecystectomy What is a cholecystectomy? A cholecystectomy is surgery to remove your gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small organ under your liver. It is on the upper right side of your belly or abdomen. The gallbladder stores a digestive juice called bile which is made in the liver. There are 2 types of surgery to remove the gallbladder: Open (traditional) method. In this method, 1 cut (incision) about 4 to 6 inches long is made in the upper right-hand side of your belly. The surgeon finds the gallb...
Barium Enema
Barium Enema What is a barium enema? A barium enema is an imaging test that uses X-rays to look at your lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Your lower GI tract includes the large intestine (colon) and rectum. X-rays use a small amount of radiation to create images of your bones and internal organs. X-rays are often used to detect bone or joint problems, or to check the heart and lungs. A barium enema is one type of X-ray. Fluoroscopy is often used during a barium enema. Fluoroscopy is a kind of X-ray mov...
Abdominal X-ray
Abdominal X-ray What is an abdominal X-ray? X-rays use beams of energy that pass through body tissues onto a special film and make a picture. They show pictures of your internal tissues, bones, and organs. Bone and metal show up as white on X-rays. X-rays of the belly may be done to check the area for causes of abdominal pain. It can also be done to find an object that has been swallowed or to look for a blockage or a hole in the intestine. Abdominal X-rays may be taken in the following positions: Stand...
Abdominal Angiogram
Abdominal Angiogram What is an abdominal angiogram? An angiogram is an imaging test that uses X-rays to look at your blood vessels. It is done to check for conditions such as: Weak, stretched or enlarged portion of a blood vessel (aneurysm) Narrowing of a blood vessel (stenosis) Blockages An abdominal angiogram looks at the blood vessels in your belly (abdomen). It may be used to check blood flow to the organs of the abdomen, such as the liver and spleen. It may also be used to guide in the placement of...
Pediatric Appendectomy
Pediatric Appendectomy Procedure overview A pediatric appendectomy is a surgery to remove a child’s appendix. The appendix is a small pouch that’s attached to the large intestine on the lower right side of the abdomen. An appendectomy may be done as an open surgery. This involves cutting into the abdomen and removing the appendix. Or it may be done through one or several smaller cuts using a camera and small instruments. This is called a laparoscopic surgery. Reasons for the procedure The job of the app...
Gastric Banding Surgery for Teens
Gastric Banding Surgery for Teens Gastric banding is a form of weight-loss (bariatric) surgery. It’s used to treat people with severe obesity who haven’t been able to lose weight through diet and exercise alone. It’s most often done in adults. But in some cases, it may be an option for a teen. How a gastric band works A gastric band is a soft, rubbery circle made of silicone. The band is attached to a thin, flexible tube (catheter). The tube is connected to a small, round port. During surgery, the band ...
BPD/DS Weight-Loss Surgery
BPD/DS Weight-Loss Surgery If you are extremely obese and have tried without success to get your weight under control, your healthcare provider may recommend a bariatric surgical procedure known as biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS). This is usually known as the duodenal switch. It can help you lose more weight than either the gastric bypass or the sleeve gastrectomy. The surgery has been shown to help reduce obesity and related illnesses. These include heart disease, high blood pre...
Colostomy
Colostomy Procedure overview A colostomy is an operation that creates an opening for the colon, or large intestine, through the abdomen. A colostomy may be temporary or permanent. It is usually done after bowel surgery or injury. Most permanent colostomies are "end colostomies," while many temporary colostomies bring the side of the colon up to an opening in the abdomen. During an end colostomy, the end of the colon is brought through the abdominal wall, where it may be turned under, like a cuff. The ed...
Proctectomy
Proctectomy Proctectomy is a surgical operation to remove all or part of the rectum. It is often needed to treat rectal cancer. If you have been diagnosed with rectal cancer, your treatment will depend on where and how far along your cancer is, as well as other factors. But for most people with rectal cancer, some type of proctectomy procedure will be needed. A proctectomy may also be used to treat inflammatory bowel disease. Procedure overview Proctectomy can be done in several ways. The type that you ...
Virtual Colonoscopy for Colorectal Cancer Screening
Virtual Colonoscopy for Colorectal Cancer Screening Virtual colonoscopy is a procedure that is done to look for small polyps or other growths inside your colon. Polyps that grow on the inside lining of the colon sometimes turn into colon cancers. The American Cancer Society recommends that most men and women begin screening for colon cancer at age 50. If you have a family history of colon cancer or are at high risk for other reasons, your healthcare provider may want you to begin screening even earlier....
Colectomy
Colectomy (Hemicolectomy, partial colectomy, or segmental resection) Procedure overview A colectomy is a surgical procedure used to treat colon diseases. These include cancer, inflammatory disease, or diverticulitis. The surgery involves removing a portion of the colon, which is part of the large intestine. When treating cancer, the surgeon will typically remove the portion of the colon that appears cancerous. He or she will also remove another small portion on either side of the cancerous part and some...
Gastric Stapling (Restrictive) Surgery Procedure
Gastric Stapling (Restrictive) Surgery Procedure (Other terms that may be used include: Gastric Banding Surgery, Adjustable Gastric Banding, Vertical Banded Gastroplasty) Procedure overview What is gastric stapling (restrictive) surgery? Gastric stapling surgery, also called gastric banding surgery, is a type of bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) procedure performed to limit the amount of food a person can eat. Bariatric surgery is the only option today that effectively treats morbid obesity in peo...