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Fractures

Calcium Quiz
The Calcium Quiz Test your knowledge of the importance of calcium by taking this quiz. 1. Calcium plays the following roles in your body: You didn't answer this question. You answered The correct answer is Calcium is important to your body in many ways—from your bones to your heart to your nerves, muscles, and blood. A. Develops and maintains strong bones and teeth B. Helps maintain normal heart rhythm C. Enables muscles to work D. Transmits nerve impulses E. Aids in blood clotting F. All of the above 2...
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Fractures

Bone Densitometry Podcast
Bone Densitometry Podcast Detailed information on bone densitometry, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, and after care. Play Audio
Fast Facts
Most fractures are caused by trauma—a fall or auto accident, for instance. Osteoporosis also can lead to a fracture. Athletes can develop shin splints, a kind of fracture caused by overuse. .
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Bone Density Test
Bone Density Test Some women are at greater risk for osteoporosis—the decrease of bone mass and density as a result of the depletion of bone calcium and protein—than others. Your doctor can help you determine your risk of developing osteoporosis by taking your personal and family medical history, and by performing a bone density test or bone mass measurement. What is a bone density test? A bone density test, also known as bone mass measurement or bone mineral density test, measures the strength and dens...
Cast Types and Maintenance Instructions
Cast Types and Maintenance Instructions What is a cast? A cast holds a broken bone in place as it heals. Casts also help to prevent or decrease muscle contractions, and are effective at providing immobilization, especially after surgery. Casts immobilize the joint above and the joint below the area that is to be kept straight and without motion. For example, a child with a forearm fracture will have a long arm cast to immobilize the wrist and elbow joints. What are casts made of? The outside, or hard pa...
Crutch Walking
Crutch Walking If ordered by the doctor, your child will be fitted for crutches and be taught how to use them by a trained health care professional. Measurement of crutches: The top of the crutches should be at least two finger widths deep from the armpit (make sure the shoulders are relaxed). When the arm is hanging straight down, the hand piece should be at the level of the wrist. Hold the top part of the crutch firmly between the chest and the inside of the upper arm. Do not allow the top of the crut...
Sprains, Strains, Breaks: What’s the Difference?
Sprains, Strains, Breaks: What’s the Difference? If you've sprained your ankle, you know what severe pain is. But maybe that "sprain" was a "strain" or possibly even a "break." The amount of pain in each case can be virtually equal, so oftentimes the only way to find out what you have is to see a doctor. Just the facts Here are some facts on musculoskeletal injuries: Sprains are a stretch and/or tear of a ligament, the tissue connecting two bones. Ligaments stabilize and support the body's joints. For e...
Hip Fracture
Hip Fracture What is a hip fracture? Click Image to Enlarge A hip fracture is a break in the femur (thigh bone) of the hip joint. Joints are areas where two or more bones meet. The hip joint is a "ball and socket" joint where the femur meets the pelvic bone. The ball part of the hip joint is the head of the femur, and the socket is a cup-like structure in the pelvic bone called the acetabulum. Hip fracture is a serious injury and requires immediate medical attention. What are the different types of hip ...
Fractures
Fractures What is a fracture? A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone. When a fracture occurs, it is classified as either open or closed: Open fracture (also called compound fracture). The bone exits and is visible through the skin, or a deep wound that exposes the bone through the skin. Closed fracture (also called simple fracture). The bone is broken, but the skin is intact. Fractures have a variety of names. Below is a listing of the common types that may occur: Greenstick. This is an i...
Sports and Fractures
Sports and Fractures Fractures are breaks in the bone that are often caused by a blow or a fall. A fracture may be classified as a simple fracture (a thin fracture that may not run through the entire bone), or a compound fracture, in which the broken bone protrudes through the skin. Symptoms may include tenderness over the bone, swelling of the affected area, deformity of the limb, and increased pain upon movement. What are stress fractures? Click Image to Enlarge Stress fractures are weak spots or smal...
You Can Head Off Stress Fractures
You Can Head Off Stress Fractures Whether you're an avid basketball player or a weekend hiker, you may be at risk for a stress fracture if you overdo it. A stress fracture occurs when you increase the length or intensity of your workout too quickly. Your muscles become so fatigued by the extra work that they transfer the stress to the bones—most often in the lower leg—and a tiny crack appears. A stress fracture can also occur when you workout on a different surface or use improper equipment, says the Am...