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Fractures

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Fractures

Calcium Quiz
The Calcium Quiz Test your knowledge of the importance of calcium by taking this quiz. 1. Calcium does which of these things in your body: You didn't answer this question. You answered The correct answer is Calcium is important to your body in many ways. It helps your bones, heart, nerves, muscles, and blood. A. Develops strong bones and teeth and keeps them healthy B. Helps you keep a normal heart rhythm C. Helps your muscles do work D. Sends nerve impulses E. Helps your blood clot F. All of the above ...
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Fractures

Bone Densitometry Podcast
Bone Densitometry Podcast Detailed information on bone densitometry, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, and after care. Play Audio
Fast Facts
Most fractures are caused by trauma—a fall or auto accident, for instance. Osteoporosis also can lead to a fracture. Athletes can develop shin splints, a kind of fracture caused by overuse. .
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Enter a search phrase:
Fractures
Fractures What is a fracture? A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone. When a fracture happens, it’s classified as either open or closed: Open fracture (also called compound fracture): The bone pokes through the skin and can be seen, or a deep wound exposes the bone through the skin. Closed fracture (also called simple fracture). The bone is broken, but the skin is intact. Fractures have a variety of names. Here is a listing of the common types that may happen: Greenstick. This is an incom...
Hip Fracture
Hip Fracture What is a hip fracture? A hip fracture is a break in the thigh bone (femur) of your hip joint. Joints are areas where two or more bones meet. Your hip joint is a "ball and socket" joint, where your thigh bone meets your pelvic bone. The ball part of your hip joint is the head of the thigh bone. The socket is a cup-like structure in your pelvic bone, called the acetabulum. Hip fracture is a serious injury and requires immediate medical attention. About 90 percent of hip fractures happen to p...
Stress Fractures
Stress Fractures What are stress fractures? Click Image to Enlarge A stress fracture is a very small, fine break in the bone caused by continuous overuse. Stress fractures often occur in the foot after training for basketball, running, and other sports. While stress fractures can occur in many bones that are subjected to repetitive activities, the bones of the legs and feet are at greatest risk. The bones in the midfoot (metatarsals) in runners are especially vulnerable to stress fractures. What are the...
Bone Density Test
Bone Density Test Some women are at greater risk for osteoporosis — the decrease of bone mass and density as a result of the depletion of bone calcium and protein — than others. Your doctor can help you determine your risk of developing osteoporosis by taking your personal and family medical history, and by doing a bone density test or bone mass measurement. What is a bone density test? A bone density test, also known as bone mass measurement or bone mineral density test, measures the strength and densi...
Cast Types and Maintenance Instructions
Cast Types and Maintenance Instructions What is a cast? A cast holds a broken bone in place as it heals. Casts also help to prevent or decrease muscle contractions, and are effective at providing immobilization, especially after surgery. Casts immobilize the joint above and the joint below the area that is to be kept straight and without motion. For example, a child with a forearm fracture will have a long arm cast to immobilize the wrist and elbow joints. What are casts made of? The outside, or hard pa...
Crutch Walking
Crutch Walking If ordered by the doctor, your child will be fitted for crutches and be taught how to use them by a trained healthcare professional. Measurement of crutches The top of the crutches should be about 2 finger widths below the armpit (make sure the shoulders are relaxed). When the arm is hanging straight down, the hand piece should be at the level of the wrist. Hold the top part of the crutch firmly between the chest and the inside of the upper arm. Do not allow the top of the crutch to push ...
You Can Head Off Stress Fractures
You Can Head Off Stress Fractures Whether you're an avid basketball player or a weekend hiker, you may be at risk for a stress fracture if you overdo it. A stress fracture occurs when you increase the length or intensity of your workout too quickly. Your muscles become so tired by the extra work that they transfer the stress to the bones — most often in the lower leg — and a tiny crack appears. A stress fracture can also happen when you workout on a different surface or use the wrong equipment for you, ...
Sprains, Strains, Breaks: What’s the Difference?
Sprains, Strains, Breaks: What’s the Difference? If you've sprained your ankle, you know what severe pain is. But maybe that "sprain" was a "strain" or possibly even a "break." The amount of pain in each case can be virtually equal. So, oftentimes the only way to find out what you have is to see a healthcare provider. Just the facts Here are some facts on musculoskeletal injuries: Sprains are a stretch and/or tear of a ligament, the tissue connecting 2 bones. Ligaments stabilize and support the body's j...