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Healthy Eating

Weight Management and Adolescents
Weight Management Facts about obesity in adolescence According to the National Center for Health Statistics, about 20% of children ages 6 to 11 in the U.S. are considered overweight and 18% of teens (ages 12 to 19) are overweight. Many more people are now overweight than 15 years ago. This increase is seen in both sexes and all ages. Overweight or obese adolescents are more likely to be overweight or obese adults. What is obesity? Obesity is a generalized accumulation of body fat. It is found by measuri...
Healthy Diets Overview
Healthy Diets Overview Eating healthy is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. It is something that should be taught to children at a young age. The following are some general guidelines for helping your child eat healthy. It is important to discuss your child's diet with your child's health care provider before making any dietary changes or placing your child on a diet: Eat 3 meals a day, in addition to healthy snacks in-between. Increase fiber in the diet and decrease the use of salt. Drink water....
Healthy Eating During Adolescence
Healthy Eating During Adolescence What is healthy eating? Eating healthy is an important part of a healthy lifestyle and is something that should be taught at a young age. The following are some general guidelines for helping your adolescent eat healthy. It is important to discuss your adolescent's diet with his or her health care provider before making any dietary changes or placing your adolescent on a diet. Discuss the following healthy eating recommendations with your adolescent to ensure he or she ...
Preschooler Nutrition
Preschooler Nutrition Helpful feeding information for your preschooler Preschool-age children (ages 3 to 5) are still developing their eating habits and need encouragement to eat healthy meals and snacks. These children are eager to learn, especially from other people. They will often imitate eating behaviors of adults. They need supervision at mealtime as they are still working on chewing and swallowing skills. The following are some helpful mealtime hints for preschool-age children: Prepare meals, pro...
School-Aged Child Nutrition
Nutrition: School-Age Helpful feeding information for your school-age child School-age children (ages 6 to 12) need healthy foods and nutritious snacks. They have a consistent but slow rate of growth and usually eat 4 to 5 times a day (including snacks). Many food habits, likes, and dislikes are set during this time. Family, friends, and the media (especially TV) influence their food choices and eating habits. School-age children are often willing to eat a wider variety of foods than their younger sibli...
Toddler Nutrition
Nutrition: Toddler Helpful feeding information for your toddler The toddler (ages 1 to 3) phase can often be challenging when it comes to feeding. Several developmental changes happen at this time. Toddlers are striving for independence and control. Their growth rate slows down and with this comes a decrease in appetite. These changes can make mealtime difficult. It is important for parents to provide structure and set limits for the toddler. The following are suggestions to help manage mealtimes so tha...
Obesity in Adolescents
Obesity in Adolescents What is obesity? Obesity is a serious, long-term (chronic) disease. Overweight and obesity refer to having too much body fat. But it’s difficult to directly measure body fat, so a guideline called the body mass index (BMI) is used to estimate it. The BMI uses the weight and height of a child to come up with a result. The result is compared with standards for children of the same gender between the ages of 2 and 20 years. Overweight is defined as having a BMI between the 85th and 9...
Exercise and Children
Exercise and Children Exercise is an important part of keeping children healthy. Encouraging healthy lifestyles in children and adolescents is important for when they grow older. Lifestyles that are learned in childhood are more likely to stay with the child into adulthood. Some changes in lifestyle can be harder to make the older the person becomes. The best way to promote healthy lifestyles is for the whole family to become involved. Establishing an exercise plan A daily exercise program is a fun way ...
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Healthy Bodies

Sunburn and Children
Sunburn and Children What is sunburn? Sunburn is a visible reaction of the skin's exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation or UV light sources. Ultraviolet light is absorbed by the skin from sunlight and artificial sources of light such as that in tanning beds. Ultraviolet rays can also cause invisible damage to the skin. Excessive or multiple sunburns cause premature aging of the skin and lead to skin cancer. Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the U.S. and exposure to the sun is the leading...
Pap Test for Adolescents
Pap Test for Adolescents In the past, a Pap test to screen for cervical cancer was recommended for adolescents after they had been sexually active for 3 years, or at age 21, whichever came first. But the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American Cancer Society now recommend that all women have their first screening at age 21, regardless of when sexual activity begins. Sexually active adolescents are at high risk for infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). This is the vi...
Safer Sex Guidelines for Adolescents
Safer Sex Guidelines for Adolescents What is "safe" sex? The only safe sex is no sex, according to most health care providers. Abstinence may be the only true form of "safe" sex. All forms of sexual contact carry some risk. A person can reduce his or her risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease with certain precautions and safe behaviors. As a parent, you can teach your child about safer sex before he or she becomes sexually active. Talking to your adolescent about safe sex The American Academ...
Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Adolescents
Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Adolescents What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)? Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infectious diseases transmitted through sexual contact. Fifty percent of new STDs occur in people in the age range of 15 to 24 years. Protecting your adolescent from STDs The best way to prevent your son or daughter from contracting an STD is to advise them to abstain from any type of sexual contact with another person. However, if they decide to become sexually active, or...
Breast Self-Examination
Breast Self-Examination What is a breast self-examination (BSE)? BSE is when a woman physically and visually examines heself for any changes in her breasts and underarm areas. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has found evidence that suggests BSEs do not lower the risk for death from breast cancer. Therefore, if you choose to do BSE, it should not be used in place of, but in addition to, clinical breast examination (performed by a health care provider every three years for women in their 20s and 3...
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Smoke-Free Families

Oral Cancer and Tobacco
Cancer and Tobacco What is the link between tobacco and oral cancer? Tobacco use is known as a major risk factor for oral and other cancers. All tobacco products, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, and snuff, contain toxins (poisonous substances), carcinogens (cancer-causing agents), and nicotine (an addictive substance). Each tobacco product is linked to an increased risk for specific cancers: Cigarettes Cigarettes, the most common form of tobacco used, cause 90% of all lung c...
Smoking
Smoking According to the CDC, diseases caused by smoking kill more than 480,000 people in the United States each year. The CDC also states that smokers are 2 to 4 times more likely to develop heart disease and stroke. Even with anti-smoking campaigns and medical disclaimers in place, many people continue to smoke or start smoking every year. One out of 5 deaths of Americans is related to smoking, and it kills more Americans each year than suicides, homicides, AIDS, and car accidents combined. According ...
Guidelines for Raising Smoke-Free Kids
Guidelines for Raising Smoke-Free Kids Parents can take practical steps to keep their children smoke-free. At first, young people begin smoking to look cool without understanding the addictive nature of tobacco. But a person who starts smoking when young is likely to continue the habit into adulthood. And quitting smoking later in life is a hard task. What you can do Here are specific steps you can take to keep your children from smoking: If you smoke, quit. Children look to their parents as an example,...
Oral Cancer
Oral Cancer What is oral cancer? Oral cancer is cancer found in the oral cavity (the mouth area) and the oropharynx (the throat area at the back of the mouth). Oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer will be diagnosed in 35,000 U.S. adults in 2012, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS). Anatomy of the Mouth (Click to Enlarge) The oral cavity includes: The lips, teeth, and gums The front two-thirds of the tongue The lining inside the lips and cheeks (buccal mucosa) The floor of the mouth (under the...
Cool Tools to Keep Your Kids From Smoking
Cool Tools to Keep Your Kids From Smoking Many teenagers think smoking is cool. This belief is supported in recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) tobacco statistics. The CDC states that while the number of teens who smoke continues to drop each year, progress is slowing. This slowing decline in cigarette use among teens suggests that smoking and the health problems related to it will be issues as today's teens become adults. This trend proves there's reason to be diligent as parents. C...