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Surgical Care

After Surgery: Discomforts and Complications
After Surgery: Discomforts and Complications What are some common postoperative discomforts? The amount of discomfort following surgery depends on the type of surgery performed. Some typical discomforts include: Nausea and vomiting from general anesthesia Soreness in the throat (caused by the tube placed in the windpipe for breathing during surgery) Soreness and swelling around the incision site Restlessness and sleeplessness Thirst Constipation and flatulence What complications may occur after surgery?...
Checklist for Surgery/Consent Forms/Insurance Information
Checklist for Surgery/Consent Forms/Insurance Information Checklist for surgery The decision to have surgery is a very important one. You will need to be fully informed and prepared for the surgery, as well as for any special needs that you may have following the surgery. Your preparation will affect the outcome and the results. The following is a checklist to assist you in your preparation for surgery: Make a list of questions to ask your physician or surgeon regarding the type of surgery recommended. ...
Common Surgical Procedures
Common Surgical Procedures Common surgical procedures: Some of the most common surgical operations performed in the United States include the following: Appendectomy An appendectomy is the surgical removal of the appendix, a small tube that branches off the large intestine, to treat acute appendicitis. Appendicitis is the acute inflammation of this tube due to infection. Breast biopsy A biopsy is a diagnostic test involving the removal of tissue or cells for examination under a microscope. This procedur...
Discharge Planning
Discharge Planning Discharge planning after surgery Once you meet the discharge criteria specified for your type of surgery, you will be released to go home or be transferred from the recovery room of a hospital to a room. Hospitals usually require that the patient is transported home by a friend or family member, as coordination and reflexes may be impaired for 24 hours following anesthesia. Your discharge plan may include instructions on how to take care of the wound dressings, what medications to tak...
Home Page - Surgical Care
Topic Index Surgery Statistics Surgery Overview Questions To Ask Before Surgery Preoperative Management Intraoperative Care Postoperative Management Glossary Surgery, as defined by the American Medical Association, is the treatment of disease, injury, or other disorders by direct physical intervention, usually with instruments. Surgery involves the cutting into the skin or other organ to accomplish restoring the body to a healthy state. This may include further exploration of the condition for the purpo...
How Wounds Heal
How Wounds Heal Most of us take wound healing for granted. You get a small cut, clean and cover it with a bandage, and move on with your life. Yet under that bandage (or in the open air), the body orchestrates a complex cascade of events designed to heal wounds big and small. The basic steps of wound healing are: Stopping the bleeding (hemostasis). When your skin is cut, scraped, or punctured, you usually begin to bleed. Within minutes or even seconds, unless you have a bleeding disorder, blood cells be...
Intra-Abdominal Abscess
Intra-Abdominal Abscess An intra-abdominal abscess is a collection of pus or infected fluid that is surrounded by inflamed tissue inside the abdomen. It can involve any abdominal organ, or it can settle in the folds of the bowel. Causes Intra-abdominal abscesses sometimes happen because of another condition. An example might be appendicitis or diverticulitis. Many cases, however, happen after surgery. Abdominal abscesses can be caused by a bacterial infection. The most common bacteria to cause them are ...
Intraoperative Care
Intraoperative Care During your procedure, special care is taken by all members of the surgical team to ensure that no complications arise. Below are some of the considerations that need to be made immediately prior to or during your procedure. The Day of Surgery / Getting Ready For Surgery / The Operating Room Methods of Surgery Other Techniques of Surgery Common Surgical Procedures Outpatient Surgery
Methods of Surgery
Methods of Surgery What are the different methods of surgery? With technical advances today, surgery does not necessarily mean large incisions, as in the past. Depending on the type of surgery, there are several surgery methods that may be performed: Open surgery-- an "open" surgery means the cutting of skin and tissues so that the surgeon has a full view of the structures or organs involved. Minimally invasive surgery --minimally invasive surgery is any technique involved in surgery that does not requi...
Online Resources - Surgical Care
Online Resources - Surgical Care This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your health care provider. The content provided here is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your health care provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition. This page contain...
Other Techniques of Surgery
Other Techniques of Surgery Other techniques of surgery: In addition to using traditional surgical knives in surgery, both open and minimally invasive surgery can use the following alternative techniques, depending on diagnosis: Laser surgery A laser is a device that emits a concentrated beam of light radiation. A laser beam can cauterize a wound, repair damaged tissue, or destroy cells under the beam, allowing for cutting through tissue without damaging neighboring cells. Laser has been used in place o...
Outpatient Surgery
Outpatient Surgery What is outpatient surgery? With improved technology and advances in anesthesia and pain control, many less invasive surgical procedures are now being performed on an outpatient, or ambulatory, basis. Common procedures that are now routinely performed on an outpatient basis include tonsillectomies, hernia repairs, gallbladder removals, some cosmetic surgeries, and cataract surgeries. Given the millions of procedures performed every year, complications from outpatient procedures are re...
Pain Management
Pain Management Pain control after surgery: Pain is your body's way of telling you something is wrong. It is normal to expect a certain amount of pain following surgery; however, if pain does not subside with pain medication, there may be a more serious problem. Your physicians and nurses will ask about your pain because they want you to be comfortable. It is important that they be alerted if their efforts to control your pain are not effective. With today's new and improved pain medications, there is n...
Postoperative Management
Postoperative Management Recovering From Surgery / Intensive Care After Surgery: Discomforts and Complications Pain Management Discharge Planning
Preoperative Management
Preoperative Management Before any type of surgical procedure, it is important to become prepared. Listed below are considerations that should be made before any elective (nonemergency) procedure. Preparing for Surgery Tests Performed Before Surgery The Surgical Team Types of Anesthesia and Your Anesthesiologist Checklist for Surgery / Consent Forms / Insurance Information
Preparing for Surgery
Preparing for Surgery Preparing for surgery: As with any type of surgery, there are certain preparations that need to take place. Determining what preparations are necessary will depend on what type of surgery that will be performed and the type of anesthesia that will be administered. The following are considerations for you to discuss with your physician/surgeon prior to your procedure: Ask the surgeon to explain the benefits, risks, and expectations of the procedure. Discuss what type of anesthesia w...
Purpose of Having Surgery
Purpose of Having Surgery What is the purpose of surgery? Surgery, whether elective or required, is done for a multitude of reasons. A patient may have surgery to: Further explore the condition for the purpose of diagnosis. Take a biopsy of a suspicious lump. Remove diseased tissues or organs. Remove an obstruction. Reposition structures to their normal position. Redirect channels. Transplant tissue or whole organs. Implant mechanical or electronic devices. Improve physical appearance.
Questions to Ask Before Surgery
Questions to Ask Before Surgery Important questions to ask before having surgery Millions of Americans will undergo surgery each year. It is important for patients to be informed about the surgery being recommended, particularly if it is elective surgery (an operation you choose to have performed), rather than an emergency surgery (also called urgent surgery). All surgeries have risks and benefits which you should familiarize yourself with before deciding whether the procedure is appropriate for you. Th...
Recovering From Surgery/Intensive Care
Recovering From Surgery/Intensive Care Recovering from surgery: Once surgery has been completed, you are brought to the recovery room, which also may be called the post-anesthesia care unit. In the recovery room, clinical staff will closely monitor you as you recover from anesthesia. The length of time spent in recovery depends on the type of surgery performed and the individual patient. While a patient is in recovery, the clinical staff may do the following: Monitor vital signs such as blood pressure, ...
Surgery Overview
Surgery Overview Types of Surgery The Surgical Setting Purpose of Having Surgery
Surgery Statistics
Surgery Statistics According to the latest data from the National Center for Health Statistics, 45 million inpatient surgical procedures were performed in the United States in 2007, followed closely by outpatient surgeries. Other surgical statistics for both in- and outpatient procedures include: Hysterectomy: 517,000 Cesarean section: 1.3 million Reduction of fracture: 677,000 Coronary artery bypass graft: 405,000 Total knee replacement: 543,000 Total hip replacement: 230,000
Surgical Site Infections
Surgical Site Infections Your skin is a natural barrier against infection, so any surgery that causes a break in the skin can lead to a postoperative infection. Doctors call these infections surgical site infections (SSIs) because they occur on the part of the body where the surgery took place. If you have surgery, the chances of getting an SSI are about 1 to 3 percent. Types of SSIs An SSI typically occurs within 30 days after surgery. The CDC describes three types of surgical site infections: Superfic...
Tests Performed Before Surgery
Tests Performed Before Surgery Many surgeons order routine laboratory tests before admission to the hospital, or even before certain outpatient procedures, to identify potential problems that might complicate surgery if not detected and treated early. According to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), some of the most common tests performed before surgery (and possible reasons/symptoms for which they are performed) are included in the following list: Chest x-rays - a diagnostic test which uses invi...
The Day of Surgery/Getting Ready For Surgery/The Operating Room
The Day of Surgery/Getting Ready For Surgery/The Operating Room What to expect the day of surgery: On the day of surgery, you will meet with the medical team involved in your surgery. This may include your surgeon, the anesthesiologist, and various other healthcare professionals. Getting ready for surgery: You may expect some of the following to occur: You may need to change into a hospital gown. You will receive an identification bracelet. An intravenous line may be inserted in your forearm or other lo...
The Surgical Setting
The Surgical Setting What will the surgical setting look like? In the past, surgery may have meant a lengthy hospital stay to recover. With modern medical advances, the patient now has several options, depending on the diagnosis: Inpatient surgery. Some of the more intensive surgeries still require patients to stay overnight or longer in a hospital setting. This allows clinical staff to monitor the patient's recovery and ensures immediate medical attention in case of complications. Outpatient surgery. B...
The Surgical Team
The Surgical Team When a patient undergoes surgery, a team of medical staff assists the surgeon in the procedure. The number of team members differs depending on the type of surgery performed. Among others, most teams include: The surgeon A surgeon has completed four years of medical school and has received four or more years of further specialized training after medical school. Most surgeons have passed exams given by a national board of surgeons for "board certification." In addition, some surgeons ha...
Topic Index - Surgical Care
Topic Index - Surgical Care Surgery Home Surgery Statistics Surgery Overview Types of Surgery The Surgical Setting Purpose of Having Surgery Questions To Ask Before Surgery Preoperative Management Preparing for Surgery Tests Performed Before Surgery The Surgical Team Types of Anesthesia and Your Anesthesiologist Checklist for Surgery / Consent Forms / Insurance Information Intraoperative Care The Day of Surgery / Getting Ready For Surgery / The Operating Room Methods of Surgery Other Techniques of Surge...
Types of Anesthesia and Your Anesthesiologist
Types of Anesthesia and Your Anesthesiologist Types of anesthesia During surgery, you will be given some form of anesthesia--medication administered for the relief of pain and sensation during surgery. The type and dosage of anesthesia is administered by the anesthesiologist. When a patient faces surgery, he or she will meet with the anesthesiologist or nurse anesthetist before the procedure. The anesthesiologist will review the patient's medical condition and history to plan the appropriate anesthetic ...
Types of Surgery
Types of Surgery What is surgical diagnosis? Unless it is an emergency, you and your physician may discuss surgery as a way to correct your condition upon diagnosis. This decision is based on careful evaluation of your personal medical history and subsequent medical tests, such as blood tests, x-rays, MRI, CT scan, electrocardiogram, or other laboratory work performed to determine the exact diagnosis. What are the different types of surgery? Depending on the diagnosis, a patient has several surgery opti...