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Pediatric Cancer

Children and Cancer

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About Cancer

Causes of Cancer
Causes of Cancer What causes cancer? There is no one single cause for cancer. Scientists believe that it is the interaction of many factors together that produces cancer. The factors involved may be genetic, environmental, or constitutional characteristics of the individual. Diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis for childhood cancers are different than for adult cancers. The main differences are the survival rate and the cause of the cancer. The overall five-year survival rate for childhood cancer is abou...
Coping with a Diagnosis of Cancer in Children
Coping with a Diagnosis of Cancer in Children Learning that your child has cancer usually makes parents feel like their world has been turned upside down. Everything in their life may suddenly feel out of control. Your initial thoughts may be "How could this have happened to my child?" and "How will we get through this?" A cancer diagnosis is shocking and overwhelming, particularly in children. However, prognosis of childhood cancer continues to improve, and the chance of being cured continues to increa...
Diagnosing Cancer
Diagnosing Cancer How is cancer diagnosed? Certain tests are necessary to determine whether a person has cancer, or if another condition (such as an infection) is imitating the symptoms of cancer. Sometimes, it is necessary to repeat testing if the person's condition changes, if a sample collected was not of good quality, or an abnormal test result needs to be confirmed. The correct diagnosis is necessary in order to determine treatment. In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination...
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Procedure overview A sentinel lymph node biopsy is a surgical procedure that helps healthcare providers determine if or how far a cancer has spread within the body. Lymph nodes are part of the body’s lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is one weapon your body uses to fight infections like cancer, bacteria, and other foreign materials. The system consists of a clear fluid called lymph that traps these particles. This fluid flows to your lymph nodes. Nodes are small, round or...
Questions to Ask Your Child's Health Care Provider
Questions to Ask Your Child's Health Care Provider No parent wants to see his or her child suffer. A diagnosis of cancer in a child is one of the most devastating events in a parent's life. Becoming informed is one of the best coping mechanisms. Cancer is extremely complex and difficult to understand. It is important for you to ask questions so you are completely clear about the diagnosis and what to expect. It is also important to understand why certain tests are being done and what the treatment optio...